virtual appliance for disaster recovery?

I was asked what role virtual appliances speak in disaster recovery planning. I though I share my view here. Speaking for ourselfs as a smaller company: we are moving towards virtual environments not only in order to consolidate systems, but also because it is much easier to move over functionality from a failed system to another. Some of the functions (like mail gateway, firewall etc) do not even require state data, so they can simply be restored by using a generic template virtual machine.

Instantiating this is much quicker then building a machine with scripts from scratch, not to mention that we do not need to have the hardware in stock. In fact, we think about moving such functionality even to data center servers and thus be able to quickly switch between them if there is need to.

My syslog appliance could play a similar role in disaster recovery. While it probably is not appropriate to lose data (depending on use case), it may make sense to set up a new temporary appliance, just to continue gather data and provide analysis while the rest of the system is restored. Instant log analysis is probably a key thing you would like to have in your early recovery stages.

Doing an appliance right…

Why do people turn to (virtual) software appliances? I think the number one reason is ease of installation. If an appliance has one benefit, then it is that the system was put together by someone who really knows what he does. So the end-user can simply “plug it in” into the local network, do a few configuration steps and enjoy the software.

While we worked on the virtual syslog appliance, we have checked out various other appliances. They live up to this promise in very different ways. Some are really plug and play, while others are more a demo-type of a complicated system, where the user does not know what to do with the appliance unless he reads through a big manual. This is definitely not what people are after if they look for appliances.

With SyslogAppliance, I try hard to do things as simple as possible. I learned that I probably need to add some nice HTML start page, not only the plain phplogcon log analysis display. So I have now begun to do this appliance home page, just to see that displaying information is probably not sufficient.

I will need to do some basic configuration of the appliance, too. I was (and am) tempted to use something like webmin. But on the other hand, there are so many settings. I think most appliance user will never want to touch them. So a full config front-end is probably good for those in the know. But for the rest, a software appliance should come with the bare minimum of config options that are absolutely essential to do the job. For me, the “make everything configurable expert”, this is a hard lesson to learn. Usability is top priority with appliances and usability means to present only those options that are useful to most folks (the rest will probably not use an appliance, at least not for anything but demo).

I thought I share this interesting thought on my way to creating great virtual software appliances. Besides logging, I have some other ideas (and all benefit from a great logging interface), but it is too early to talk about these, now.

New rsyslog HUP processing

There has been some discussions about rsyslog HUP processing. Traditionally, SIGHUP is used to signal the syslogd to a) close its files and b) reload its config. Rsyslog carried over this behavior from sysklogd.

However, rsyslog is much more capable than sysklogd. Among others, it is able to buffer messages that were received, but could not yet be processed. To remain compatible to the sysklogd of doing HUP, rsyslogd does a full daemon restart when it is HUPed. Among others, that means that messages from the queue are discarded, at least if the queue is configured with default settings. David Lang correctly stated that this may surprise some, if not most users. While I am still of the view that discarding the queue, under these circumstances, is the right thing to do, I agree it may be surprising (I added a hint to the man pages recently to reduce the level of surprise).

Still, there is no real need to do a full daemon restart in most cases. The typical HUP case is when logrotation wants to rotate files away and it needs to tell rsyslogd to close them. Actually, I asked if anybody knew any script that HUPs rsyslog to do a full config reload. The outcome was that nobody knew. However, some people liked to stick with the old semantics, and there may be reason to do so.

I have now implemented a lightweight HUP to address this issue. It is triggered via a new configuration directive, $HUPisRestart. If set to “on”, rsyslogd will work as usual and do a (very, very expensive) full restart. This is the default to keep folks happy that want to keep things as backwards-compatible as possible. Still, I guess most folks will set it to “off”, which is the new non-restart mode. In it, only output files are closed. Actually, the output plugin receive a HUP notification and can do whatever it likes. Currently, onle omfile acts on that and closes any open files. I can envision that other outputs, e.g. omfwd, can also be configured to do some light HUP action (for example close outbound connections).

The administrator needs to select either mode for the system. I think this is no issue at all and it safes me the trouble to define multiple signals just to do different types of HUP. My suggestion obviously is to use the new lightweight HUP for file closing, which means you need not to change anything for logrotate et al. Then, when you need to do a config reload, do a “real” restart by issuing a command like “/etc/init.d/rsyslogd restart”. And if there really exists a script that requires a config-reload HUP, that should be changed accordingly.

rsyslog v4

Finally, it is time to think about the next major rsyslog release! I have done many enhancements in v3, but the latest performance optimization work leads to a couple of significant changes in the core engine. I think it makes sense to roll these into a new major release. That leaves folks with the option to keep at the feature-rich v3-stable branch, while avoiding some of the potential unavoidable bugs in the upcoming v4 branch.

From a feature point of few, version 3 would have been good for at least three to four major releases, which I did not do just because to prevent you from coming scared by the pace with which we are moving ;)- so I think it now is a perfect spot to begin developing v4. I hope that we will see a first beta of that branch around xmas, which, I think, is a nice gift.

syslog appliance website online

I have now set up a first basic web site for SyslogAppliance. It is not great yet, but it provides a stable reference point for any work that comes up. So people can hopefully begin to use this site as a pointer for useful resources.

As a side-note, you may notice I am using a .de (German) domain. Thanks to the spammers, com, org and net domains are already used by spamming sites. And I thought it does not matter if we use a de domain. After all, we live in a time where domains from the Cocos Islands (cc) or Tuvalu (tv) are being abused for generic purposes, so why not use .de for a generic site, too?

Oh, and one interesting find: at least one person actually downloaded and tried the version of SyslogAppliance I uploaded yesterday. How do I know? I had forgotten to include the phpLogCon user in the README ;) [of course, this is fixed now ;)]

rsyslog performance

Thanks to David Lang, I have been able to gather some performance data on rsyslog. More importantly, I have been able to improve rsyslog’s performance dramatically while working with David. He does not only dispense good advise, he has also a great test environment which I lack. If you would like to see how things evolve, be sure to follow this (lengthy ;) thread:

But you are probably interested in actual numbers.
The current v3-stable (3.18.x) manages to process around 22.000 messages per second (mps) with DNS name resolution turned on and about double that value without. That’s not bad, but obviously there is room for improvement.

Thanks to our combined effort, we have reached a state where we can process more than 100,000 mps and there is an experimental version (applying some lock-free algorithms) that goes well beyond 200,000 mps. I am not yet sure if we will pursue the lock-free algorithm. There are ample of additional ideas available and I am quite positive we can push the limit even further.

All numbers were tested with a minimal configuration (one udp input, one file output) on a capable multi-core machine. The numbers above are for sustained traffic rates. More messages can be accepted (and buffered) during bursts.

virtual syslog appliance

I’ve just recently blogged about my syslog appliance idea. Now this has become reality. There is the first 0.0.1 version of rsyslog and phplogcon as a virtual appliance.

For starters, I have created a very simple system. While I have a number of options for the operating platform, I started to Ubuntu JeOS mainly because it had good guides for getting started with an appliance quickly. Being based based on Debian also was a plus. Some may argue that the downside is that the log appliance currently requires VMWare. While I agree this may be an issue, it is not an extremely big one especially as VMWare server runs quite well under Linux and is free to use.

I will investigate Red Hat’s AOS, but I think I need to get some results from the app point of view first and JeOS looks quite promising in this regard.

For now, I have even started with the stock rsyslog package, which is quite outdated on that platform. However, I’ll do a couple of iterations in the next days and so will come up to the current release soon. But for what the appliance currently needs, the older version is not really a problem.

I am now very interested in feedback on this new offering. The appliance can be downloaded from

One of my next actions is to set up a dedicated site, which will make finding (and providing!) information on the appliance much easier. But one thing after the other…

Oh, and one thing on the licensing: the appliance is free for non-commercial use. However, we intend to request a moderate fee for commercial use, which I think is a fair policy. Of course, all appliance components are freely available.

If you try out the appliance, please provide feedback!. I have set up a dedicated forum at

syslog appliance forum

As I said, the initial version will probably not as “plug and play” as I hope, but I am very positive we are on a good path. Besides, it is an exciting project.

A German rsyslog forum…

Some of you may know that I am a native German speaker. I thought I started an interesting experiment: the “deutsches rsyslog forum” (which means “german-language rsyslog forum” ;)). It is targeted to those who prefer to express themselves in German language.

The interesting question, though, is if this forum will actually attract much attention. In German IT, there is a tendency to think that almost everyone speaks sufficiently well English so that he or she can obtain enough information to get the job done. If that proves true, there would be very little benefit in localizing any of the documentation into German language. So before seriously considering that, it is probably a good idea to do some testing. For the very same reason, my buddy Tom Bergfeld currently translates the rsyslog home page, mainly the announcements, into German. We will do a similar experiment to phpLogCon and evaluate both together after some time has progressed.

Please drop me a note if you have an opinion on this, or on localization at all.


a logging appliance

The IT world is increasingly turning towards appliances: pre-configured systems, which do exactly one job an do it well. Like a household appliance, all you need to do is plug it into your infrastructure, maybe change a setting or two and you are ready to go. While previously appliances always had a co-notation of a hardware box being delivered, the increasing popularity of virtualization enables to build pure software appliances.

One of the things we intend to investigate is create a logging appliance, using VMWare tools. We will set up a standard Linux, use MySQL and Apache with it and install rsyslog and phpLogCon. That in a “ready to use” fashion where only the devices need to be pointed to the right IP address of this virtual box.

This is one of my next projects and feedback on such an effort is very much appreciated.

Software hack e-gold download free

Hey, am I getting spammy? Have I been hacked? Or do I change the profession and become a top-notch e-gold hacker? lol… nice idea. But no, not really. But have a look at this post:

Download now : [some random crappy free webhost]

Send us an e-mail ,we will send you the working copy of software & as soon as you make the payment e-gold $50 1234567.We will give you the password .

Get the copy today

GoldTresor is a known software in E-Gold accessing since 2002. Now our software is very stronger than before. It accesses any E-Gold account in a few minutes and give you some ability such as transfer balance or know passphrase. Generally GoldTresor is used for those who forgot their passphrase. Also in new feature of E-Gold site that named AccSent, if you forgot your e-mail or you can’t access e-mail account, this software helps you to find your e-mail address or transfer balance to other account.

Thank you very much
[some random gmail address]

In a conversation I had with a friend of mine who runs the forum He pointed me to his site statistics: While we were talking about site usage, the top notch content item of this deeply technical site drew my attention. It is the spam you can see above.

Mutex, the site owner, once decided keep a sample of the what the forum spammer left for him. Very interestingly, over time this seems to have been evolved into a the top page for egold hack downloads. At least if you do a google search “hack egold download”, his syslog site is right there in the top spot of the search results.

And what I find really interesting is that this spam accounts for nearly 10% of a quality site’s traffic – a leftover just to show off the spammers. And, no, I don’t think he gains much from that traffic, at least I tend to think that folks looking to break into e-gold suddenly turn out to be interested in the beauty of syslog ;)