I had an interesting conversation with someone who runs multiple instances of rsyslog on a machine for remote reception, only and for some reasons, another syslogd for local messages. The question arose where rsyslog error messages are emitted to.
It was expected that the showed up in the other syslogd. However, that is not the case, and for good reason. So I thought it is good to provide some general advise on how internal messages are emitted.
First of all, internal messages are messages generated by the rsyslog itself. The vast majority of them is error messages (like config error, resource error, unauthorized connect etc…), but there are also some status-like messages (like rsyslogd startup and shutdown, unexpectedly dropping tcp connection, …). Traditionally, rsyslog does not make a distinction between status and error messages (we could change that over time, but so far nobody asked what means this is not worth the hassle).
Rsyslogd is a syslogd, so all message it emits internally are syslog messages. For obvious reasons, they use the “syslog” facility. And as all are flagged as error message, to total priority is “syslog.err”. The internal message source is implicitly bound to the default ruleset.
It now depends on how that ruleset is defined where these messages show up. I strongly encourage everyone to include a rule that logs these message. If there are some e.g. config issues, they can be easily solved by looking at the emitted error message. But if you do not have them, it can take you ages to sort out what is wrong.
So you should always make sure that “syslog.err” (or probably better “syslog.*”) is logged somewhere.
If you now would like to use another syslogd to log these messages, but not rsyslog itself, you do what you usually do in this situation: first of all, make sure that no local rule logs syslog.* messages. Then, include a rule that forward syslog.* to the recipient that you want to receive it. You have the full flexibility of the rule engine at hand to limit or reformat those messages. Note that an elegant solution to do both is including the following 2 lines at the top of rsyslog.conf (I assume you use UDP-forwarding to another syslogd running on the same host machine):
Note that the tilde character is the discard action.